Preventive and Pre-operative evaluations
Pre-operative evaluations are used to assess the risks a patient faces during and following surgical
treatment. Approximately 3 percent of surgeries result in serious complications, or reactions Ė many
of which are cardiovascular-related. During a pre-operative evaluation, one of our highly trained
physicians analyzes a patient's cardiac functions, in order to accurately approximate that patientís
risk of developing cardiovascular complications. In some cases, a pre-operative evaluation can help
us determine whether certain preventive measures, such as the administration of beta blockers or
statins, need to be taken to lower the patientís risk level.
Evaluation begins with your Essex Cardiology Group physician reviewing the patientís
prior cardiovascular history, including previous incidences of congestive heart failure,
arrhythmia and angina. Other health factors, such as high blood pressure, a history of
tobacco use and the presence of diabetes also play a vital role in the evaluation. In
some cases, we will order an electrocardiogram to detect underlying heart disease or a
history of myocardial infarction. Functional capacity tests may also be a part of the
evaluation, as a measure of physical ability. These tests are indicative of a patientís
risk of developing future cardiovascular complications.